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Business Use of Personal Vehicle - Hero

Every time you drive, you’re putting yourself at risk behind the wheel. While policies from the best auto insurance providers won’t shelter you from dangers on the road, they can protect you from financial and legal problems in the case of an accident.

One dilemma with auto insurance is the business use of a personal vehicle. If you’re in an industry where you drive your own vehicle for work, you may be wondering whether to purchase a special car insurance policy.

The answer to this question is nuanced, with each situation calling for a different type of coverage. Your best course of action is to figure out how different car insurance policies work to see if they match your coverage requirements.

 

In this article:

Does Personal Car Insurance Cover Business Use

Does Personal Car Insurance Cover Business Use?

Personal car insurance generally doesn’t cover business purposes. In fact, it’s recommended that drivers avoid the business use of a personal vehicle if they don’t have additional insurance coverage.

If you’re a business owner who heads out on company errands in a personal vehicle or you’re an employee who drives for work engagements or deliveries, chances are your personal auto insurance won’t cover any liabilities that happen on the job.

With so many employees driving their own cars for work, it’s important to know how much coverage your company provides if you engage in the business use of a personal vehicle. Cars used for work purposes usually spend more time on the road, increasing your risk of an accident.

Since insurance companies face greater financial risks when they insure cars used for work, coverage is generally much more expensive than personal insurance. Because of this, a personal auto policy will rarely cover damages caused by the business use of a vehicle.

Insurance Types For The Business Use Of A Personal Vehicle

Types Of Insurance For The Business Use Of A Personal Vehicle

Although owning car insurance is a legal requirement (except in New Hampshire and Virginia), you can upgrade your coverage based on your usage and preferences. The owner, operator, and purpose of a vehicle will largely determine the type of insurance you need.

When you apply for an auto insurance policy, expect to fill out a form mentioning how you plan to use the vehicle. Because of this, it’s best to understand your needs beforehand so you can choose the best policy for your requirements. Broadly speaking, drivers can pick between two categories of car insurance: personal and commercial.

Personal Auto Insurance

Personal car insurance laws vary widely, with different minimum coverage requirements found in each state. Expect your location to play a huge role in determining how much you’ll pay since coverage limits, crime rates, and the number of uninsured drivers differ depending on the area.

Generally, minimum liability auto insurance provides car owners with a basic level of protection against financial loss in the event of thefts or accidents. These policies can also include compensation for medical needs and property damage.

When Personal Auto Insurance Is Enough

As a rule of thumb, personal auto insurance policies won’t pay for damages from a business-related accident. But in limited cases, the business use of a personal vehicle may qualify for insurance coverage. Here's a list of situations when you’ll be covered by personal auto insurance:

  • Strictly personal driving: Personal driving includes going on non-business trips, commuting to work, or running errands like shopping or visiting someone.
  • Occasional business meeting: Though business-related rides are not eligible for claims after an accident, an occasional trip to meet a client may qualify for coverage.
  • Single business premises only: If your daily commute is limited to a single worksite, you can still receive coverage from your personal auto insurance.

When Personal Auto Insurance Isn’t Enough

Insurance companies are strict when it comes to assessing filed claims. If you regularly find yourself in the following situations, make sure to sign up for commercial auto insurance.

  • Frequent business-related rides: If you often use your car to run business errands, it may be time to get commercial auto insurance. Personal auto insurance doesn't cover accidents while you’re purchasing supplies or delivering goods for your company.
  • Work-related damages and lawsuits: A personal auto insurance policy doesn't cover damages and litigation resulting from business operations. Even taking a business call while driving at the time of the accident can lead an insurer to refuse your claim.
  • Regular business travel: If your business requires you to travel often or to drive for business purposes, consider the added protection of commercial auto insurance.
Why do I need commercial insurance

Commercial Auto Insurance

Commercial car insurance covers regular business trips that move beyond personal coverage. This type of policy is often the best way to cover the business use of a personal vehicle and is quite popular among those who are self-employed.

In most states, business owners are legally required to carry commercial auto insurance if their vehicles are used for work. With coverage, your car will be protected from most damage caused by your company’s operations.

When You’ll Need Commercial Auto Insurance

Regardless of whether you have a choice, it’s smart to purchase commercial insurance if you’re involved with the business use of a personal vehicle. Below are some reasons to opt for commercial vehicle coverage.

When it’s required by law: Like with personal auto insurance, most states require companies to carry adequate insurance to mitigate financial loss in the case of accidents. Business owners need to pay for commercial policies if they’re involved in the following:

  • Driving daily to meet with clients
  • Transporting passengers as a key job role
  • Commonly doing out-of-office tasks for work
  • Delivering goods
  • Permanently keeping work equipment on their car
  • Using heavy trucks, vans, or utility vehicles

When you want a wider scope of protection: Commercial auto insurance can cover both your personal car and vehicles intended specifically for work. The following are a few more times when you’ll need to sign up for commercial auto insurance:

  • Regular work-related use of your personal vehicle
  • Transport of expensive equipment and tools with a personal car

Hired And Non-Owned Auto Insurance

If trips away from the workplace aren't a regular part of your operations, commercial auto insurance may be a bit excessive. In that case, you’ll want to purchase hired and non-owned auto insurance (HNOA), which covers rented vehicles and cars owned by your employees. Here are some benefits to holding an HNOA policy:

  • Third-party protection: HNOA covers damages that occur when you’re driving non-owned vehicles, though it’s limited to third-party items. Because of this, your company won’t have to pay for damages caused by rental cars or vehicles owned by your employees.
  • Lawsuit protection: Another benefit of HNOA is that you’ll be protected against lawsuits filed by other parties involved in an accident. Your insurance provider will likely cover your legal expenses if another party opts to sue your company.
  • In combination with other insurance: HNOA is almost always significantly cheaper than commercial auto insurance. This is because the cars covered by HNOA insurance generally log fewer miles than vehicles used specifically for companies.
How To Decide Which Insurance You Need

How To Decide Which Insurance You Need

Deciding on the right type of auto insurance typically involves considering your options to reduce risks and protect your company’s assets. Now that we've explained the differences between commercial auto insurance and HNOA coverage, it's time to determine which one your company needs.

Find Out How Much Insurance Is Required

First off, find out the minimum amount of car insurance required by your state. You’ll probably want additional protection since the government minimum doesn’t fully protect your vehicle against damages caused during an accident. Generally speaking, you shouldn’t settle for a basic car insurance policy unless it’s absolutely necessary.

Below, we’ll explain some of the additional auto insurance protection that may be helpful when covering the business use of a personal vehicle. Purchasing the following insurance types could lead to a full coverage car insurance policy:

  • Collision coverage: This takes care of the damages to your vehicle if you’re involved in a car accident. This differs from minimum liability car insurance, which simply pays for damages caused to other vehicles when you’re at fault.
  • Comprehensive coverage: It offers protection against losses caused by theft, vandalism, and various environmental factors. The business use of a personal vehicle can often leave cars vulnerable to these issues, so comprehensive car insurance is well worth consideration.
  • Personal injury protection: This pays for most medical expenses incurred by those in your personal or company car during a work-related accident.
  • Uninsured/underinsured motorist: If a motorist who doesn't have enough insurance coverage causes an incident, this policy covers the unpaid damages to your vehicle caused by that driver.
Carefully Select An Insurance Provider

Carefully Select An Insurance Provider

Choosing an insurance provider is just as important as selecting your type of coverage. Before you settle on a certain policy, it’s best to find a trusted provider that offers coverage for the business use of a personal vehicle.

Below are a few key points that may help as you compare multiple car insurance quotes for the business use of a personal vehicle:

  • Company background: It’s usually pretty easy to find reputable car insurance companies. Company information and consumer ratings can be viewed online to help you judge factors such as customer service.
  • Price and coverage: Compare potential costs and coverage options from the best car insurance companies to understand what each one offers. Look for providers that offer significant discounts on commercial or HNOA insurance. Also, watch for hidden fees that sometimes get added at the last minute.
  • Service quality: Look for providers that pair extensive coverage with superb customer service. Consider the ease of payment and lead time in processing claims as well.

Consider Other Types Of Vehicle Protection

For the business use of a personal vehicle, your top considerations will likely be personal auto, commercial auto, and HNOA insurance policies. If you’d like to keep your car more protected, you could add the following additional coverages:

  • Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) endorsement: An OEM endorsement ensures that you’ll avoid aftermarket parts when repairs need to be done to your car. Aftermarket components are often used by insurance companies to reduce costs, but they’re sometimes of a lower quality than OEM parts.
  • Guaranteed asset protection (GAP): Gap insurance will cover the balance of your auto loan if your car gets totaled or stolen before you’ve paid it off.
  • Extended warranty coverage: An extended warranty, also known as a vehicle service contract, is offered by automakers or third-party providers rather than insurance companies. These plans cover repair costs for specific car components and serve as protection plans after your factory warranty expires.

The three coverages above are add-ons that aren’t required when you purchase an insurance policy. However, it’s good to know about them to make an informed decision when purchasing protection for the business use of a personal vehicle.

FAQ Business Use Of A Personal Vehicle

FAQ: Business Use Of A Personal Vehicle

Identifying the most suitable insurance for the business use of a personal vehicle can cause confusion for both business owners and employees. Below, we’ll try to answer any final questions you may still have relating to car insurance.

Should I Put My Car Insurance In My Business Name?

Having car insurance in your business name makes the insurance premium tax deductible and you can enjoy higher insurance coverage. However, business insurance can be expensive and may take longer to process. It’s best to discuss your case with an agent to get the best coverage for your personal vehicle involved in business activities. 

Is A Non-Employee Covered By Commercial Car Insurance?

It depends. Permissive drivers and independent contractors are covered but friends and family are less likely to be covered. There should be a clear discussion between owners and employees about the company vehicle limitations.

Do Rideshare And Delivery Drivers Need Commercial Auto Insurance?

They do. Commercial coverage is necessary for rideshare and delivery drivers to cover damages for accidents while doing business. It can save a business from financial loss resulting from damages, injuries, and fatal incidents.

Is Commercial Vehicle Insurance More Expensive?

The simplest answer: yes. A business with a commercial auto policy enjoys higher and wider coverage. The risks associated with the business vehicles are also higher, hence they’re typically more expensive. 

Business Use of Personal Vehicle Infographic