What is it?
The GAZ 69 is the replacement for the GAZ-67B – designed to have lower fuel consumption and improved off road capabilities. The development of the car started in 1946 and the first operating prototype was ready a year later.
Where and when was it made?
Production of the GAZ 69 started on August 25, 1953 by GAZ in the city of Gorky. By the end of 1972, more than 600,000 units had been built, most of them by UAZ, which took over the production in 1956.
The GAZ 69 is a typical off-road vehicle with a four-cylinder gasoline naturally aspirated engine, sending power to all four wheels through a three-speed manual gearbox. Interestingly, the car features two fuel tanks – one under the floor and one beneath the passenger’s seat.
The standard GAZ 69 has 55 horsepower (41 kilowatts) and a maximum speed of 56 miles per hour (90 kilometers per hour), whereas the more powerful GAZ 69M has 65 hp (48 kW) and a top speed of 62 mph (100 kph).
What’s so special about it?
Well, it was basically an army car, also available for civilian customers. It is a super capable off-road machine with a robust chassis and good road angles. It adopts the 2.1-liter engine from the GAZ M20 Pobeda sedan – a motor, based on a classic Dodge engine from 1935, of which the blueprints were purchased for $20,000.
It’s indestructible. I mean – seriously. More than 50 years after it was launched, the GAZ 69 is still used in some countries from Eastern Europe as a daily ride in rugged areas. Late variants are super popular among car collectors with prices starting at around $10,000 for unrestored examples.
The car served as a base for many different projects in Soviet Russia. Its successor, the UAZ-469, traced its origins from the construction of the 69, while some quite spectacular machines like the 2P26 tank destroyer and the GAZ 46 MAV 4x4 amphibious vehicle were also based on the 69.
Several examples of the GAZ 69 are currently having a well-deserved rest at different museums around the world, including the Museum of Transportation in western St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, and the Fort aan den Hoek van Holland in the Netherlands.