Ferrari 512 TR
The 1984 Paris Motor show a legendary name Testarossa (Red Head) was reintroduced in the Ferrari line-up; it was first used as 'TR' almost thirty years earlier for Ferrari's four and twelve cylinder engine sports-prototype racers. Italian for 'red head', Testarossa referred to the bright red cylinder heads used on the engines. The most famous of these was the multiple 24 Hours of Le Mans winning 250 TR.
Technically the Testarossa was almost identical to the 512 BBi it replaced, but on the outside the two were quite different. Functionality was the entire reason why the Testarossa looked so different. The single rear mounted radiator used in the two 'BB' models was replaced by one on either side of the engine. The engine alone was already quite substantial in width, but with a radiator on either side, the complete package needed a two meter wide rear body to house it properly. To accommodate this re design, Pininfarina introduced a completely new body styling; gone was the sharp wedge-shaped nose and in came a rounder front fascia. The Testarossa's most characteristic exterior features were the radiator intakes which consisted of a set of five louvers on each door. This novelty was later incorporated in many other mid-engined supercars. The front mounted oil cooler was fed air through a small hole in the lip under the left headlight.
The first real evolution of the Testarossa came in 1991 when the 512 TR was unveiled. The full Testarossa name was abandoned in favour of TR. Subtle changes were made to the exterior, including a new colour coded front lip with two intakes The 512TR represents a later incarnation of the iconic Testarossa with many improvements and upgrades incorporated along the way: The 5 litre, 48 valve, flat 12 engine received a power boost to 428hp and a whopping 362lb/ft of torque, propelling the vehicle to 60 MPH in just 4.9 seconds with a maximum velocity of 195 MPH. Further improvements included 18", 5 spoke wheels, required to accommodate the larger, now cross-drilled, brake discs, an improved gear selection, an improved weight distribution and a revised interior trim.
Source: Hexagon Classics Press