Ferrari 250 Europa GT Berlinetta
Enzo Ferrari’s passion was building racing cars, but by 1950, he began to accept that exclusive road cars would have to be constructed to help finance the company’s growing racing efforts. Several coachbuilders including Vignale, Ghia and Touring bodied early Ferrari road cars, and they were built in very small numbers, usually to special customer order, with no attempt at standardization. A significant change occurred in 1954 when the Pinin Farina-designed Ferrari 250 Europa GT debuted at the Paris Show. It was both Ferrari’s first “true” production model and the foundation for all of Ferrari’s future 250 models.
The second series, again designed by Pinin Farina, was unveiled at the Geneva Salon in March 1956. Pinin Farina only produced the first few prototypes of this car. At this time, the Turin-based coachbuilder was in the process of building a new, much larger production facility, but until it was completed, the company would not have the required space to build cars in the somewhat larger quantities now required.
The work was given to another studio, Carrozzeria Boano, headed by Stabilimenti Farina, Pinin Farina and Carrozzeria Ghia designer Mario Felice Boano. Boano built 67 cars, which had slight styling changes to the five cars that Pinin Farina had already made, the most notable being a lower wing line. Boano joined Fiat in 1957 as head of design, and Ezio Ellena, Boano’s son-in-law, took over production under the banner of Carrozzeria Ellena. Again, there were minor cosmetic changes, in particular a higher roofline, which prompted the use of the terms “high roof” for the Ellena and “low roof” for the Boano. To add to the confusion, the first few Ellena-bodied cars were in fact identical to the prior “low-roof” Boanos.
This car was auctioned off by RM Auctions in August of 2011 at the Portola Hotel & Spa and Monterey Conference Center, Monterey, California.
220 bhp, 2,953 cc “Colombo” SOHC V-12 engine, triple Weber 36 DCZ3 twin-choke carburetors, four-speed manual synchromesh gearbox, independent coil-spring front suspension, live rear axle with semi-elliptic leaf springs, and four-wheel hydraulic drum brakes. Wheelbase: 110.2"
Source: RM Auctions
Photo Credit: Copyright Darin Schnabel