Pontiac Grand Am GXP
The Pontiac Grand Am is a mid-size car and later a compact car that was produced by the Pontiac division of General Motors. The Grand Am had two separate 3-year runs in the 1970s: from 1973 to 1975, and again from 1978 to 1980. It was based on the GM A platform. Production of the Grand Am was canceled in 1980 when it was replaced by the Pontiac 6000. The Grand Am was reintroduced in 1985 when it replaced the Pontiac Phoenix. It was Pontiac's best selling car and later replaced by the Pontiac G6, so named as it was intended to be the 6th generation of the Grand Am.
All 1973-75 Grand Ams were built in Pontiac, Michigan at Pontiac's main assembly plant. 1978-1980 Grand Ams were built in Pontiac, Michigan at Pontiac's main assembly plant and in Atlanta, Georgia at GMAD Lakewood. All Grand Ams between 1985 and 2005 were built in Lansing, Michigan at the Lansing Car Assembly.
For 1999, the Grand Am was redesigned once again, entering its fifth generation. Available in mid-1998, it was now directly shared with the Oldsmobile Alero (also new for 1999) and Chevrolet Malibu (introduced in 1997). But they are still different in many ways. The length was shortened slightly, but the wheelbase grew by more than three inches (76 mm). The suspension was now fully independent. Grand Am came in five different trims: SE, SE1, SE2, GT and GT1. Base powerplant for the SE and SE1 remained a 2.4L Twin Cam mated to a 4-speed automatic only. The SE2, GT and GT1 sported a new 3.4L 3400 V6 engine. GT and GT1 also included 4-wheel disc brakes, and all Grand Ams until 2003 included standard ABS and Traction Control (made optional on SE from 2003). 2000 models arrived with a standard 5-speed manual transmission. ASC Creative Services designed the Grand Am SC/T for the SEMA show circuit, which was the concept design for the Ram Air hood and body package.
For 2001, the SE2 was dropped, a new family of Delco stereos and new wheel designs bowed in. The radio size in 2001 also changed from a 1.5 DIN size to a full 2 DIN size. Half way through 2002, changes were more interesting: the Twin Cam 2.4 was replaced by a new 2.2L Ecotec four-cylinder, which boasted improvements over the outgoing 'Twin Cam'. Changes for 2002 also included a stationary cup holder in the center console as opposed to a removable one.
The body cladding on SE models were removed in 2003 for a cleaner appearance, a change which affected other models throughout Pontiac. An MP3 player was added to the uplevel CD player in 2004, and SE models were exclusively sold to fleets and GT sedans were discontinued in 2005, since the G6 had been introduced as a replacement for the Grand Am. The GT coupe was also discontinued at the end of the 2005 model year (the other versions were discontinued earlier when the G6 coupe began production.) The last Pontiac Grand Am rolled off the line at Lansing Michigan's, Lansing Car Assembly plant in 2005. This was also the last car to be made at Lansing's old Fisher Body plant. In its 20 year run as a compact model, the Grand Am proved to be a value leader, with sporty appearance and offering many features at a reasonable price.
1999–2002: 2.4L DOHC Twin Cam L4 (LD9 model) engine: 150 hp (110 kW), 155 ft·lbf (210 N·m) of torque
2002–2005: 2.2L DOHC Ecotec L4 engine: 140 hp (100 kW), 150 ft·lbf (200 N·m) of torque
1999–2005: 3.4L 3400 V6: 170 hp (175 for GT), 195 ft·lbf (264 N·m) of torque (205 for GT)
1999–2005: 4-speed automatic with overdrive (4t40e for SE Models, 4t45e for GT models)
2000–2005: Getrag 5-speed manual with overdrive ('Twin Cam' & Ecotec engines only)
Source: Wikipedia, 2012