The new legislation could be introduced in Europe in the next three years.

A host of high-tech safety features will have to be fitted to new cars sold in the European Union after MEPs voted to introduce new rules.

Under the new plans, any car sold in the European Union will have to feature Intelligent Speed Assistance, which notifies the driver when the vehicle is travelling faster than the speed limit, as well as lane-keeping assistance, which is designed to help prevent the car wandering out of its lane. The laws also mean new cars will have to come with autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems that can detect impending collisions with vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists, then apply the brakes automatically to prevent or mitigate the crash.

A handful of other gizmos will also be made mandatory in all vehicles, including a driver drowsiness warning system and hardware that allows an alcohol interlock (a device that makes the driver pass a breath test before starting the vehicle) to be fitted at a later date.

The new legislation, which could be introduced in Europe in the next three years, will also make changes to the safety features of commercial vehicles, with a new “direct vision” standard that reduces the size of trucks’ blind spots. At the same time, vans and trucks will need to be fitted with tire pressure monitoring systems, too. Although previously only necessary on passenger cars, the systems, which warn the driver of a deflated tire, will become mandatory for all vehicles.

Róża Thun, a Member of the European Parliament for Poland, said she was proud that the European Parliament had introduced life-saving regulation.

“Safety of road users, especially unprotected ones, is our focus,” she said. “This regulation deals in the most direct sense with life and death. We concentrated all our efforts on saving lives and mitigating injuries. The additional obligatory equipment for cars, trucks and buses will save human lives. I am very proud of the European Parliament; despite all our differences, the members supported this ambitious proposal."