Continental has developed what it calls the dual New Wheel Concept; a nifty wheel idea incorporating an outer section called the rim well, and inner section called the carrier star which incorporates an aluminum brake disc. Continental says the design optimizes braking for electric vehicles by reducing weight, while eliminating poor braking performance from traditional brake rotors that can be subject to corrosion. It would also reduce maintenance costs because the aluminum disc is designed to last the life of the car.
“In EVs, it’s crucial that the driver expends as little energy as possible on the friction brake,” said Paul Linhoff, Continental's head of brake pre-development in the chassis & safety business unit. “During a deceleration, the momentum of the vehicle is converted into electricity in the generator to increase the vehicle’s range. That’s why the driver continues to operate the brake pedal – but it certainly doesn’t mean that the wheel brakes are active too.”
Basically, the inner star section attaches to the hub, with the wheel brake fastened to the wheel carrier of the axle. The brake engages the disc from the inside, allowing for a wider friction radius. With the lightweight design, the car uses less energy to accelerate and maintain speed, thus increasing range. Since EVs use regenerative braking, physical brake components are subject to less wear. As such, the aluminum disc will last the life of the car, with the only wear items being the brake pads.
Continental says it designed its New Wheel Concept for medium and compact-class vehicles, and that the design was deemed “sturdy and fulfills all the established criteria” for this application. As far as we can tell, no outside testing on this design has been performed.
It’s certainly an interesting concept, especially at a time when vehicle mass is steadily increasing on pretty much every model, electric or otherwise. The idea of a lifetime brake disc is certainly appealing as well, and aluminum does offer numerous performance advantages. We’re not entirely sold on the looks of the wheel, and we would certainly need to see more testing for durability. But for vehicles that make prolific use of regenerative braking, this could be something worth watching.
Gallery: Continental New Wheel Concept
For the first time, Continental introduces an innovative wheel and braking concept for electric vehicles
- New division between wheel and axle: Continental presents the New Wheel Concept, which optimizes the braking system specifically of the electric vehicle (EV).
- The design enables the use of a large aluminum brake disk and solves the problem of bad braking performance due to corroded brake disks.
- The dual New Wheel Concept also reduces the weight of the wheel and brake and reduces service costs due to a lifetime brake disk and an easy brake pad change.
Frankfurt/Main, Germany, August 10, 2017. The technology company Continental has again expanded its solution portfolio for electric vehicles, developing the New Wheel Concept to meet the specific requirements of these vehicles. The wheel rim consists of two aluminum (Al) parts, the inner Al carrier star with the Al brake disk and the outer Al rim well with the tire. In contrast to conventional wheel brakes, the New Wheel Concept brake engages the Al disk from the inside. This allows it to have a particularly large diameter, which benefits the braking performance.
To increase the vehicle’s range, deceleration in the EV generates as much electricity as possible through recuperation (= braking using the electric motor), so the wheel brake is used less frequently. The corrosion-free Al brake disk also prevents the formation of rust (as is normal on cast-iron disks) which can impair the braking effect.
“Electromobility needs new solutions for braking technology too,” says Matthias Matic, Head of Continental’s Hydraulic Brake Systems Business Unit. “Using conventional brakes is not very effective in this case. The New Wheel Concept meets all the demands that electric driving places on the brake. We used our braking know-how to develop a solution that provides a consistently reliable braking effect in the electric vehicle.”
Thanks to the lightweight material, the New Wheel Concept reduces the weight of the wheel and brake, enabling lightweight construction in EVs. Advantages of the concept are much easier wheel and brake pad changes and that the disk is not subject to wear.
Rethinking the wheel
The New Wheel Concept is based on a new division between the wheel and the axle. Here the wheel consists of two parts, the aluminum carrier star, which remains permanently bolted to the wheel hub, and the rim well, which is bolted to the star. The wheel brake is fastened to the wheel carrier of the axle and engages from the inside with an annular aluminum brake disk, which in turn is bolted to the carrier star. The internal brake permits a wide brake disk friction radius, since the space available in the wheel is optimally utilized. During its development, the New Wheel Concept’s braking performance was initially designed for medium and compact class vehicles. In accordance with today’s requirements for this application, the brake is sturdy and fulfills all the established criteria – although it is used much less frequently in an EV.
“In EVs, it’s crucial that the driver expends as little energy as possible on the friction brake,” says Paul Linhoff, Head of Brake Pre-Development in the Chassis & Safety Business Unit at Continental. “During a deceleration, the momentum of the vehicle is converted into electricity in the generator to increase the vehicle’s range. That’s why the driver continues to operate the brake pedal – but it certainly doesn’t mean that the wheel brakes are active too.” The deceleration torque of the electric motor is only no longer sufficient by itself when the driver brakes more energetically, or braking also has to carried out with the non-driven axle for driving dynamics reasons. The wheel brake is needed in this situation – and it must be available. “Drivers want to be able to rely on a consistent braking effect – and too much rust on the brake disk in particular can really make this difficult,” Linhoff emphasizes. The reason behind the reduced performance is less friction between the brake pad and the brake disk. The automatic emergency braking function also has to fully rely on the availability of the friction brake effect.
In perfect harmony – material and design
The design of the New Wheel Concept uses the strengths of lightweight aluminum material for the brake. Thanks to the long leverage effect on the large brake disk, relatively low clamping forces are enough to provide a high level of braking efficiency – and since aluminum is a very good heat conductor, the heat generated in the disk during braking is quickly dissipated.