Agreement is based on California’s Unfair Competition law.

Volkswagen will pay an extra $86 million fine, on top of fines already assessed, to the State of California over its diesel engines that produced excessive emissions. The state’s attorney general, Kamala D. Harris, said the fine is intended to discourage other automakers from using “defeat” devices.

“This additional settlement sends an unequivocal message to Volkswagen and any other automaker that California will aggressively enforce our robust consumer and environmental protection laws,” Harris said in a statement.

The agreement requires $10 million of the settlement be invested in government agencies or academic institutions to further study and monitor the use of “defeat” devices that, like Volkswagen’s, can conceal an engine’s true emissions levels during official testing. The Attorney General’s Office says that about 86,000 Volkswagen 2.0- and 3.0-liter diesels with incorrect emissions controls were sold in California from 2009 through 2015.

At the end of June, Volkswagen came to an agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice to buy back or repair about 475,000 U.S.-market cars with affected 2.0-liter turbodiesel engines, as part of a $14.7 billion settlement. That figure includes spending $2.7 billion on projects to reduce harmful NOx emissions and $2 billion to invest in zero-emissions car infrastructure.

Sources: California Attorney General’s Office, Reuters

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