REVOLUTIONARY VOLKSWAGEN I.D. ELECTRIC CONCEPT CAR MAKES ITS WORLD DEBUT AT THE PARIS MOTOR SHOW
The I.D. concept car will become the first Volkswagen built off the Modular Electric Drive kit (MEB). It
is due to go on sale in 2020, with a range of up to 373 miles
The first Volkswagen in a completely new fleet of highly innovative electric vehicles, based
off the Modular Electric Drive kit (MEB)
Immediately recognizable as a zero-emissions vehicle thanks to a newly developed design
DNA for electric cars
Uses a 168-horsepower electric motor and has a range of between 249 and 373 miles on a
single battery charge
Interior offers an entirely new experience thanks to the Open Space concept
Launch will happen in 2020
Concept gives first tangible glimpse of fully automated driving, a mode that will be offered
from 2025 onwards
Multifunction steering wheelretracts into the dashpad in fully automated mode (“I.D. Pilot”)
Volkswagen has set itself the goal of selling a million electric cars a year by 2025
Think New. –Volkswagen sets a course for the future
Wolfsburg / Paris, September 2016. Volkswagen is embarking on its journey to the future at the Paris Motor
Show with the world premiere of the visionary I.D., a highly automated electric car that will be able to cover a distance of 249 to 373 miles on a single battery charge. The production version of the I.D. is due to be
launched in 2020 at a price on a par with comparably powerful and well-equipped Golf models. Volkswagen is
looking even further ahead with this concept car: in “I.D. Pilot” mode, itis capable of fully automated driving, a
technology that should be ready for series production in 2025. Volkswagen has also set itself the goal of selling
a million electric cars a year by 2025 and the production version of the I.D. will make a decisive contribution
towards this ramp-up of e-mobility.
Volkswagen has made electric mobility and fully automated driving conspicuous with its innovative exterior
design language and with the interior, too: the conventional driving environment has been transformed into
the interactive center of a mobile lounge, or a supremely versatile Open Space. The spaciousness of this area
and the intuitive, clear functionality allow you to experience mobility in a completely new way.
The I.D. represents the world “the day after tomorrow”. But the latest generation of the e-Golf, with a zeroemissions
range of up to 186 miles (on the European cycle) and new gesture control, will be on the road
“tomorrow”. The world of “today” is also visible in state-of-the-art Volkswagens like the new Tiguan, which
launched interior digitalization with its Active Info Display and head-up display. The Tiguan, the e-Golf and the
I.D. concept cartogether point the way from the present to the future on the Volkswagen booth.
The I.D. is the first vehicle to showcase Volkswagen’s iconic new design language for compact electric vehicles.
The exterior and interior design preview the year 2020 because while the vehicle is currently a concept, the I.D.
is expected to be on our roads within the next four years, and its fully automated driving capability gives us a
glimpse of the year 2025. Thus,the I.D. is a standard bearer for the progressiveVolkswagen brand strategy
called “Think New”. This strategy is based on four central areas of innovation, which are also reflected in the
new Volkswagen design approach for electric vehicles:
Smart Sustainability: Volkswagen is advancing the development of innovative high-volume electric
Automated Driving: Volkswagen is going to make cars even safer and more comfortable thanks to
Intuitive Usability: Volkswagen has put its focus on vehicles that are intuitive to operate and feature
new display and control concepts;
Connected Community: Volkswagen will interconnect humans, cars and the environment with a
Volkswagen user identity in future
A vehicle concept for a new era
The I.D. is Volkswagen’s first compact concept car based on the new MEB vehicle architecture. MEB stands for
Modularer Elektrifizierungsbaukasten (“Modular Electric Drive kit”) and it was conceived for pure electric
vehicles. The ground-breaking MEB thus corresponds with the key mobility requirements of the future. This is
why the newly defined vehicle architecture of the I.D. is considered to be a milestone in car development by
Volkswagen AG, while at the same time providing the basis for the development of many more all-electric
cars. The concept behind the I.D. guarantees the best possible ride comfort, optimum use of space, maximum
safety and ground-breaking sustainability, thus redefining the parameters of “drive”, “space” and “comfort”.
This is underlined by:
The long wheelbase with very short overhangs
The front end structure that, in addition to the giving the highest level of safety, allows the front
wheels to turn sharply and give a small turning circle of 32.5 feet
The flat lithium-ion battery that is integrated in the floor lowers the center of gravity and results in an
ideal axle load/weight distribution
The multi-link rear axle with an integrated drive unit and decoupled subframe gives optimum driving
dynamics and ideal acoustics
For Volkswagen, the world premiere of the iconic I.D. in Paris marks a watershed. This car is as revolutionary as
the Beetle was seven decades ago and the first Golf was 40 years ago, vehicles that went on to become two of
the world's most successful cars of all time. The I.D. has the potential to make history, too. It has been
designed to be a compact all-rounder that will help to make electric cars the ‘everyday’ choice, with its
impressive electric range and an attractive price.
The driver can activate the fully automated “I.D. Pilot” mode just by touching the Volkswagen logo on the
steering wheel. With this, the electrically adjustable and retractable steering wheel disappears into the
dashpad to form a single entity flush with the dashboard, boosting the lounge feel inside the car. The Open
Space concept is an all-new interior layout because the architecture of the rear-mounted electric motor and
the high-voltage battery in the floor of the vehicle liberates more space and allows greater flexibility and more
freedom than was ever possible in a car that’s just over 13 feet long. The I.D. is positioned as a compact electric
car with which Volkswagen aims to expand its range of high-volume models in parallel to existing global
bestsellers such as the Polo, Golf, Tiguan and Passat.
Connected Community –the new Volkswagen ID
Anyone who drives a Volkswagen in the future will be given their own Volkswagen ID. The ID is an individual
profile, in which the personal seat and air conditioning settings, your favorite radio stations and songs, the
sound system settings, the configuration of the navigation system, and the type of ambient lighting, as well as
the contact details of the driver’s friends and business associates, are saved. This profile can be securely
accessed via the cloud, enabling the I.D. to recognize the legitimate user by their smartphone—the Digital
Key—and know who is about to get behind the wheel.
With the I.D. you’ll be at home on the road because, with Volkswagen Home-Net, it will be possible to
interconnect your car and home. For example: using cameras in your house you will be able to check whether
everything is OK at home from the car. If a family member has forgotten their key, all you need do is call and
look into the camera, and I.D. sends the picture to the Active Info Display, so that the driver can open the front
door using an app.
It could even become perfectly normal to receive parcels on the road, since the new Delivery Service in the
trunk of your car can act as a mailbox. Studies show that millions of parcels sent in Europe could alternatively
be delivered to the trunk of a Volkswagen parked anywhere between Helsinki and Lisbon. If the car owners
aren’t at home, I.D. would be able to receive parcels simply and efficiently, or allow them to be collected. The
parcel delivery agent is able to locate the car by GPS and is granted temporary permission to open the trunk via
an app. The car’s owner is then notified via an app or e-mail as soon as the parcel has been delivered and the
trunk is locked again. Volkswagen is currently working with international logistics service providers to
implement this innovative concept.
“Before we first put pen to paperfor the I.D. project, we debated the topic of 'Mobility in the future' at length,”
says Klaus Bischoff, Head of Design, Volkswagen Brand. “It is clear that the car of the future, and thus the
mobile space, will be a place of communication more than ever before. The Open Space in the I.D. is just such a
“The electric powertrain gives our designers far greater freedom. We have shrunk the cooling grilles to a
minimum, shifted the axles far outwards and created breathtaking proportions, as demonstrated by the I.D. —
an icon of the future. We had the unique opportunity to guide Volkswagen into a new era, and with the I.D we
have taken this opportunity.”
From every angle, the I.D. adheres to a new design language for compact Volkswagen electric cars. Cars like
the I.D. aren’t mere machines, but cars that react interactively. Everything is neatly laid out: ample space,
maximum precision, a charismatic front end, iconic C-pillars, flowing, sculpted surfaces and expressive wheels
are just a few of the design signatures for Volkswagen electro-mobility.
An electric car doesn’t need large cooling intakes, which changes everything when it comes to front-end
design. Interactive LED lights are framed by a C-shaped light signature, and react to other road users. The
large, sculpted bumpers and “Anodized Blue” diffusers also give the I.D. a unique appearance. The transparent
illuminated Volkswagen logo in the front section emphasizes the I.D.’s quality.
From the side, the design is characterized by precision. The voluptuous, flowing surfaces of the side profile
merge elegantly into a single, homogeneous surface below the character line. The new design DNA
corresponds with innovative technical solutions, such as a lack of B pillars. The front and rear doors form a
protective unit when closed. The rear doors swivel backwards, showcasing theOpen Space. Door mirrors have
been replaced by cameras, which are integrated in the front fenders. The powerful silhouette is perfectly
rounded off by white and blue 20-inch aluminum-alloy wheels with blue low-rolling resistance tires.
The trunklid, which extends across the full width of the car, is contrasted in black. At the sides, the large rear
window is framed by vertical aerodynamic fences and at the base by the strikingly narrow horizontal LED
taillights. The I.D.’s bumper is a prime example of the avant-garde design of Volkswagen’s future electric cars,
which looks as if it were made out of a single piece of aluminum or a translucent block of ice. Right at the
bottom of the car’s rear section is a neat and tidy blue diffuser, mirrored by the narrow strip of LED taillights
that wrap around to the flanks and the illuminated Volkswagen logo between them.
The four-door I.D. is 161.4 inches long, 6 inches shorter than a Golf. This concept car is 70.9 inches wide and
60.2 inches high. The I.D. has a 108.3-inch wheelbase, which is 5 inches longerthan the Golf, so the
proportions are even more attractive.
The I.D. communicates with its environment using light. The LED headlights interactively mimic the human
eye (interactive spotlight), with the headlights reacting to their environment:for instance, they look in the
direction of the driver as he approaches the I.D.
Parked. If all of the I.D.’s systems are shut down it looks from the front as if its “eyes” are closed. On a
parked I.D., all you can see is a narrow little strip of LEDs in the headlights.
Startup. When the I.D. is “woken up”, it greets its driver and the passengers with an all-new 360-
degee light show: the transparent Volkswagen logos atthe front and in the trunklid light up in white.
This is then followed by blue lighting in the front bumper diffuser, the side sills and the rear diffuser. In
the final stage of this light show, the I.D. opens its “eyes” and, last but not least, white light shines in
the four door handles.
Over and above that, Volkswagen’s designers and engineers have come up with different light scenarios for
each operating mode:
Charging. While the batteries are charging, the blue light panels on the diffusers and side sills pulsate
or “breathe”, while the headlights remain in sleep mode
On the road. In conventional drive mode the Volkswagen logos, the LED Daytime Running Lights and
the LED headlights are on. As the car accelerates, the “eyes” adjust to the higher speed by adopting a
more dynamic light signature
Autonomous Driving. To signal that it is in fully automated mode (from 2025), the laser scanners on
the roof—which are now extended—the front and rear diffusers and the side sills are also lit in blue. As
the car speeds up, the LED “eyes” look ahead, giving the car a sporty appearance
Communicating with surroundings. Over and above this, the “eyes” are interactive in fully automated
mode. If, for instance, the I.D. wants to turn left or right, the LED headlights look in the direction that
the car is going to turn. What is more, if the I.D. notices people at the side of the road it looks at them.
This very human form of interaction draws the attention of pedestrians and cyclists to the I.D.
Shut down. This starts with the DRLs being deactivated and the door handle illumination being
activated; then the blue lighting of the diffusers and side sills and the white light in the door handles
go out. Finally, only the Volkswagen logos are illuminated. They stay on until the driver and
passengers walk away from the car. Now the I.D. is in standby mode.
As soon as you approach the car, the white light in the surface of the door handles illuminates. If the person’s
hand comes up close to the handle, the line of light pulsates and the handle extends from the body and the
door can be opened.
Passengers on board the I.D. are in a mobile space that has been completely rethought and redesigned.
Volkswagen calls it the Open Space—a pure, airy, space. The sculpted, flowing structures of the surfaces are
inspired by nature, using bionic design instead of cold engineering. The design, with its organically shaped
surfaces and gentle radii, emphasizes the impression of space. Another defining design trait is that the interior
is enclosed by a Möbius strip, a geometric shape that owes its name to the German mathematician and
astronomer August Ferdinand Möbius, who first described this twisted shape—where the inner surface
becomes the outer surface and vice versa—in the middle of the 19th century. Most people will be familiar with
the Möbius strip from the artwork by M. C. Escher. The simplicity of the interior, where switches and control
stalks have been replaced by new digital solutions, results in a new, intuitive, operating environment.
There are four separate integral seats, with the headrests and seatbelts harmonically integrated into the
backrest. The structural design of the seats appears very light. Flowing, restrained light grey satin fabric
(“Jacquard Heather”) and a reduced seam underline the floating impression of the seats. The seats in the back
can be folded up like cinema seats to save space, making room for large items such as folding bicycles or
picture frames. The “dive down” function also allows the rear seats to be lowered to floor level, turning the
trunk and rear seat area into a single large, flat cargo area.
Depending on the seating configuration,the I.D. has up to 33.9 cubic feet of luggage space. Between the left
and right seats there is a utility box in the front and a folding center armrest in the back, both of which slide
fore-and-aft and can be removed. A box for shopping can also be fitted in the front-seat passenger area. The
Open Space is flooded with daylight through large windows and a panoramic sunroof. If the sunshine is too
bright, the transparent roof can also be darkened electronically.
The MEB architecture and the digitalization of the display and control elements permit an entirely new interior
layout for driver and passengers. The driver’s space blends in with the rest of the interior; the mobile space in
the I.D. has been transformed into a multi-variable lounge, yet every driver will get to grips with it straight
away as the I.D. is controlled with self-explanatory touch displays in the doors, capacitive keypads, and voice
and gesture control.
The center of this car consists of an electrically adjustable and retractable multifunction steering wheel, a new
Active Info Display, an electronic interior mirror (e-Mirror), an Augmented Reality (AR)Head-up Display and
newly designed door panels. A central infotainment system in the middle of the dashboard is a thing of the
past, as those menus are also available to everyone in the car, thanks to the four individual door panels.
The middle of the steering wheel has its usual Volkswagen logo, except that in this case it is an illuminated
button with which the driver can switch from manual to fully automated (“I.D. Pilot”) mode. By pressing the
Volkswagen logo for three seconds the electrically adjustable steering wheel retracts and interlocks with the
dashpad. When the steering wheel reverts from fully automated to manual mode, an illuminated display
appears in the rim of the steering wheel for a few seconds to indicate that it is changing mode. Aesthetics and
functionality make the I.D.’s electrically adjustable and retractable multifunction steeringwheel a highlight,
both visually and haptically. The steering wheel has six rounded corners, creating a control island in the lower
part of it to reduce the complexity of operation. From here the driver controls the car’s main functions, such as
the “P”, “R”, “N” and "D” drive positions and the turn signals, using illuminated capacitive keypads. Four more
capacitive keys adapt to functions like taking a phone call, while two capacitive sliders allow the driver to scroll
intuitively through functions like the playlist and the sound system.
The I.D. has a new evolutionof the head-up display. Information such as the directions given by the satellite
navigation system are, for the first time, projected as virtual images that appear to be between 23 and 49 feet
ahead of the car. The effect is amazingly realistic: arrows are projected via augmented reality to show where
the driver and the I.D. are heading. Thanks to the AR-Head-Up Display, the navigation instructions are part of
driver’s three-dimensional surroundings.
A 10-inch Active Info Display shows information to the driver and can also be used to view content like the
media library and menus such as the satellite navigation, or to control the multifunction steering wheel. The
Active Info Display gives the driver great freedom. For instance, the full 10 inches of the screen can be turned
into a 3D navigation screen. The display uses three transparent layers to display the various types of
information. At the bottom, on the first layer there is the navigation map; the digital content retrieved using
the Volkswagen ID is displayed on the second layer; and the third layer, at the top, is used to display driving
data such as the car’s speed and range.
Conventional rear-view mirrors are a thing of the past in the I.D. But habit is difficult to change, so in place of
the rear-view mirrors there is now a system that looks exactly the same and performs the same function. The
e-Mirror combines data from three external cameras on a monitor. The images are transmitted from the door
mirror cameras on the left and right-hand sides of the car as well as a rearward facing camera. Doing away
with the mirrors improves the aerodynamics of the vehicle. The only button in the I.D., for the hazard warning
lights, is to be found in the base of the mirror.
Information and controls that have previously only been available to the driver and the front-seat passenger
are now available to the rear-seat passengers too,thanks to the new door panels. These white and partially
transparent control islands are ergonomically mounted in the trim of the four doors, where they appear to be
suspended in mid-air. It is evident from the shape of the panels that they also act as the interior door handles
and house loudspeakers. The door panels can be used to control the air conditioning, the infotainment and
navigation, the interior lighting, the electric windows and the central locking. The door panel can even be used
to receive phone calls. These functions are all controlled on a white touchscreen with black icons as well as a
capacitive slider on the side, which is used to regulate the temperature and the HVAC fan speed. The
information displayed on the door panel changes as soon as the door is opened or the driver switches to the
fully automated “I.D. Pilot” mode. The driver can also restrict the range of functions of the other door panels so
that children can’t open the doors while moving, for instance.
As soon as there is someone in the driver’s seat the steering wheel, which is retracted into the dashpad in
parking mode, comes out and the multifunction displays light up simultaneously. At the same time, the I.D.
triggers the Active Info Display and the AR Head-up Display. Ambient lighting and the Active Info Display greet
the driver with a welcome routine. Close the doors, belt up, press the brake, select a driving mode and the I.D.
is ready for off. The Start/Stop button is a thing of the past. “D” and “R“ are activated by gently pressing the
corresponding button on the multifunction steering wheel, and the I.D. is switched off by pressing the “P” on
the steering wheel, which causes the steering wheel to retractflush with the dashpad again.
I.D. is the first Volkswagen that is capable of fully automated driving. Activating the fully automated “I.D. Pilot”
mode is easy: the driver just has to press the Volkswagen logo on the steering wheel for three seconds to
switch from manual to fully automated mode. The I.D. indicates that it has changed mode with a range of
optical signals: the ambient light changes from clear blue light, designed to focus while driving,to a relaxed
ambience, with a selection of colors. During the transformation from manual to fully automated mode the
light in the Volkswagen logo on the steering wheel pulsates, too. The light distribution of the ambient lighting
expands to illuminate the back, and the I.D. signals via the Active Info Display and the AR-Head-up display that
it is ready to take control. As soon as the driver takes their hands and feet away from the controls the steering
wheel retracts into the dashpad and the fully automated “I.D. Pilot” mode is active.
In fully automated driving mode the four roof-mounted laser scanners are active. They protrude from the roof
of the I.D. in “I.D. Pilot” mode, but are also visible thanks to indirect blue lighting, like the diffusers and side sills,
indicating that the I.D. is in fully automated mode. The I.D. is capable of detecting other road users not only
using its laser sensors, but also with ultrasonic sensors, radar sensors, side area view cameras and a front
camera. Traffic data is also constantly collected and compared with the vehicle data via the cloud.
Fully automated mode is deactivated by pressing the brake or accelerator pedals. The I.D. indicates that the
driver has to take control again by changing the color and distribution of the ambientlighting, pulsing the light
in the Volkswagen steering wheel logo on the steering wheel, and posting alerts on the Active Info Display and
the AR-Head-up Display. The steering wheel then comes out of the dashpad again, reactivating manual driving
mode. Visual clues include the illumination of the accelerator and brake pedals and a light pattern in the
The color scheme and mood of the ambient lighting change along with the manual and fully automated
mode. The door panels, the areas under the seats, the seat surfaces and the lower section of the instrument
panel are indirectly lit. The ambient lighting also floods into the cabin through a kind of woven mesh that
extends between the A-pillars parallel to the windscreen and around the instrument panel. Form and function
blend into one here: if a pedestrian appears beside or in front of the I.D., for example, a warning for the driver is
projected on the illuminated mesh.
The I.D. doesn’t only drive itself or be driven. It can find a space in a parking structure, all of its own. All the
driver has to do is stop the I.D. in a specially marked zone in the entrance to a structure that has the necessary
infrastructure and activate the “Pilot for multi-storey car park” using the Volkswagen app. As with the fully
automated “I.D. Pilot” mode it is able to detect other cars as well as pedestrians. To ask the I.D. to leave the
parking space again, all the driver has to do is tell the Volkswagen to return to its starting zone again via the
The I.D. is the first compact Volkswagen based on the newly developed Modular Electric Drive Kit (MEB)that is
designed as a purely electric vehicle architecture. This approach to the design results in a range of advantages,
in particular the packaging. The I.D.’s zero-emissions drive system consists primarily of the electric motor,
power electronics and transmission integrated in the rear axle, a space-saving high-voltage flat battery in the
floor of the car and ancillary equipment integrated in the front of the car.
The electric motor has a power output of 168 horsepower(125 kW), giving the I.D. zero to 62 mph
acceleration in less than 8 seconds and a top speed of 99 mph. Subsequent production versions could also be
offered with more or less powerful electric motors. In parallel, the concept also hints that it will be possible to
configure the I.D. with different battery capacities. This would allow the drive system to be modified to suit the
owner’s individual needs. The I.D. will have a range of between 249 and 373 miles on a single charge, under
European test conditions.
The high-voltage battery used in the I.D. is located in the chassis. As a crucial link, the power electronics control
the flow of high-voltage power between the motor and the battery, converting the direct current (DC) stored
in the battery into alternating current (AC), while a DC/DC converter supplies the on-board electronics with 12-
volt power. Power is transferred from the motor to the rear axle via a single-gear transmission. The motor,
power electronics and transmission form one compact unit. The position of the battery has a positive effect as
it gives the I.D. a very low center of gravity, like a racing car’s, and neutral handling. The I.D. is also
characterized by an optimal weight distribution of 48:52 percent, front to rear.
The battery can be charged by cable or using an inductive charging interface in the front of the car. To charge
by cable, a separate charging plug is needed to connect the car to an electrical outlet. For inductive charging,
all the driver needs to do is park the I.D. over a so-called charging plate, with a little help from the electronics
to make sure it is in exactly the right position. Over and above that it will be possible to send the car to an
inductive charging station, too. Thanks to the rapid charging system the battery is 80 percent charged after
just 30 minutes.
About Volkswagen of America, Inc.
Founded in 1955, Volkswagen of America, Inc., an operating unit of Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.
(VWoA) is headquartered in Herndon, Virginia. It is a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG, headquartered in
Wolfsburg, Germany. VWoA’s operations in the United States include research and development, parts and
vehicle processing, parts distribution centers, sales, marketing and service offices, financial service centers, and
its state -of-the- art manufacturing facility in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The Volkswagen Group is one of the
world's largest producers of passenger cars and Europe's largest automaker. VWoA sells the Beetle, Beetle
Convertible, CC, e-Golf, Golf, Golf Alltrack, Golf GTI, Golf R, Golf SportWagen, Jetta, Passat, Tiguan and Touareg
vehicles through approximately 652 independent U.S. dealers. Visit Volkswagen of America online at
www.vw.com or media.vw.com to learn more.
This press release and images of the I.D. are available at media.vw.com. Follow us @VWNews
“Volkswagen”, all model names and the Volkswagen logo are registered trademarks of Volkswagen AG.